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Environment


Fig.1:

Just a few kilometres from that ancient boundary between hills and plain represented by the Via Emilia, the Faenza Apennines offer a rare natural setting and an incredibly varied heritage of fauna, flora and geological outcrops.
Located in the centre of "Terre di Faenza", streching through the valleys of the Lamone, the Senio and the Santerno, the Romagna Chalk Vein Park features a range of low mountain with steep chalk cliffs. These peculiar rocks have, with time, undergone the modelling action of water, creating innumerable karstic phenomena including almost two hundred caves: the most important are the Den of King Tiberius - at Borgo Rivola - and the Tanaccia Cave not far from Brisighella, also because they were used in prehistoric period. The Chalk Vein is also home to various species of flora which includes the very rare Cheilanthes persica and is rich in fauna, for example, the eagle owl, the porcupine and numerous bat species.
The Carnč Park, located near Brisighella, is one of the most evocative corners of the Chalk Vein and of the entire Faenza Apennines. This protected area is particularly suitable for nature studies, promoted by associations and cooperatives such as Pangea and Atlantide which offer nature excursions and eco-cultural stays. The area between the Chalk Hills and the plain features a landscape with erosion furrows, created by weather erosion of clayey rocks that the local inhabitants named "earth for making jugs".

 
Fig.2:

The passion and the love for aromatic herbs covers an important role in this part of the territory. Casola Valsenio, so-named village of herbs and forgotten fruit, with a solid and ancient vocation and culture for medical herbs has promoted the creation of the Botanical Herb Garden, the Lavender Road and has favoured the success of events such as: Herb Street Mearket, Erbe in Fiore (Herbs in bloom), the Forgotten Fruit Festival and a rich seasonal cuisine which sees the use of herbs.

Institutional activity is no less important: the Faenza Natural Science Museum, set in the Botanic Garden, houses interesting collections of fossils and stuffed animals from the area around Faenza. A special mention should go to the Progetto Life Ambiente TORRE part financed by the European Union and part by public and private financing, has allowed to rehabilitate an abandoned quarry in the Oriolo dei Fichi area, upgrading it as an equipped oasis for the observation of rare bird species such as the variegated bee-eater.

 
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Last updated: 6/02/2009