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Accessibility & Website navigation

Web accessibility is the result of a set of techniques, implementation and maintenance, designed to allow everyone to make full use of the content, information and services that it offers, by removing any kind of barriers: for example: computers not up-dated, different browsers and screen devices, slow connections, poor image, simple visual defects, bad location (exposure to noisy areas, such as construction sites, etc.)


Making a web site accessible is a challenging project and involves every moment of its creation, from its implementation to its maintenance: we know that it is an ambitious goal to maintain this standard over time, but its importance remains beyond dispute.
Furthermore, since no project is in itself free from errors or inaccuracies, any feedback regarding the aspects dealt with this website are appreciated.

Valid code

A useful starting point is the formal accuracy of the page, in compliance with the rules of W3C(World Wide Web Consortium), which stipulate that the site shall be drafted using the Strict version of the XHTML 1.0 code, following the principle of separation between information content and formal presentation, through the systematic use of style sheets (CSS2.1).
Both codes then need to be validated with the validating officials of W3C itself.

The requirements of law 04/2004 (also known as "Stanca" Law) – Current adjustment and relevant plant

The aim of the project is compliance, now and for the future, with the 22 technical requirements of the Stanca, law; this also involves checking the contrasts between text and background using the colour formula of W3C.
This does not apply to some images and logos (over which we have no direct control); the latter – in our opinion – could not be omitted because otherwise the information content would not be complete or appealing: of course, in these cases, we had to make sure that the associated text was equivalent.
For these isolated cases, full compliance with the legal requirements is expected in the near future.

Designing with a view to differences

The ability to adapt to the needs of each user is an important requirement: this is why the control of formal elements (the way contents are presented) through the CSS style sheets, combined with a percentage-based design calculation, makes the page "fluid", that is to say adjustable to the available screen size.
By the same token, the site was tested using the most popular browsers and with different resolutions, to make sure that its appearance is consistent and accurate under all conditions; also, proportional measurements were used to define the size of the various characters, thus allowing each user to dimension the text as required.

Utilities for surfing

In order to allow for easier surfing, the device known as "skip" has been introduced: this makes it possible to avoid repetitive surfing mechanisms (for example the menus), and to directly access the page contents; moreover, in order to allow for more rapid referencing, some keyboard shortcuts have been added (also known as "access keys").
These combinations involve using, at the same time, ALT (or CTRL on Apple computers) and the following alphanumeric keys (if you are using Internet Explorer it will also be necessary to press ENTER in order to enable the command):

  • Key 1: reserved for direct access to the main content of the page;
  • Key C: go to the editing field of the site search module;
  • Key H: go back to the initial page of the site (this function of course only applies to the inside pages).

For further information, please visit the following websites: ( the analyses have been carried out on the 16th of June 2008).

Further Information
Last updated: 10/06/2009